Veterinary pathologists are the professionals specialized in the investigation and diagnosis of animal diseases via the examination of bodies, organs, tissues, cells and body fluids. As for medical pathology, veterinary pathology is divided in two specialties which are anatomic pathology and clinical pathology. The veterinary pathologist is involved in diagnostics, scientific research and teaching and holds a very important role in the study and development of drugs. Paramount is the role of the pathologist in the prevention of epizootics and zoonotic epidemics.

Legal veterinary issues are becoming more frequent and will increase in the future. Unfortunately, animal diseases and demises are numerous, they involve any species, and in particular production animals. Frequent are sudden deaths in horses. The board certified veterinary pathologist is the most qualified specialized professional able to provide a specific and precise diagnostic answer via the evaluation of tissue biopsies and tests for the identification of infectious, degenerative, preneoplastic and neoplastic diseases. Paramount is the role of the board certified veterinary pathologist for the completion and interpretation of thorough necropsies and post mortem results. If requested, the pathologist will be able to evaluate the events and treatments associated to animal deaths to try to establish the causes. Crucial is also the role in the evaluation (second opinion) of histopathological, immunohistochemical and necroscopic reports and materials. The competence of the pathologist is fundamental for the retrieval of the finances lost in cases of accidents, animal mistreatment, abuse, and malpractice inducing permanent damage or death.